Before I discuss Kangal, the dog with the highest bite force in the world,its important Iexplain the word bite force.
Bite force can be defined as the force applied by the masticatory muscles in dental occlusion. Bite force is the resultant of all the forces acting on individual teeth due to various components of the masticatory system.
Bite force means the pressure the bite of an animal exerts on the object or animal it bite.This means that the higher the bite force of an animal the deeper the bite penetrates.
Crocodile is the animal with the biggest bite force with the bite force of 5,000psi.
In the canine world, Kangal a native of Turkey has the highest bite force at 743 psi.
Psi is the unit of measurement for bite force and it stands for pounds per square inch
Due to its high bite force it can kill wolves and jackals with lower bite forces at 400 psi and 700 psi respectively.
Scientific name: Canis lupus familiaris
Height: Female: 72–77 cm, Male: 77–86 cm
Weight: Female: 41–54 kg, Male: 50–66 kg
Colors: Light Golden, Dun, Fawn Sable, Grey
Origin: Turkey, Sivas Province
Temperament: Protective, Alert, Calm, Self-Controlled, Sensitive, Independent
Other Names: Karabash, Turkish Kangal Dog, coban kopegi
Comparable Breeds: Mastiff, Anatolian Shepherd Dog
Kangal dog is a large and powerful breed, used in Turkey to guard against predators.
Kangal is recognized by its massive head, dark muzzle and curled tail which is carried up and over the back.
Kangal Dog is very calm and gentle, which makes it a good choice for a family pet – if you have the space to accommodate one.
While the Kangal is often referred to as a sheep dog, it is not a herding dog, but rather a flock guardian that lives with the flock of sheep to actively fend off predators of all sizes.
Typically Kangal is used as protection against wolves, bears, and jackals in its native Turkey,
Kangal originated from Kangal District of Sivas Province in Turkey.
Over time, the Kangal Dog has been associated with the Aga of Kangal, a large family of landholders and chieftains that use the dogs to guard flocks against large predators such as bears, jackals and wolves.
David and Judith Nelson brought their Kangal Dog to the United States in 1985.
There has been argument of whether Kangal is a different dog from Anatolian Shepherd, another Turkish breed.
Kangal Dog is first and foremost a stock guardian dog and possesses a temperament typical of such dogs—alert, territorial and defensive of the domestic animals or the human family to which it has bonded.
The Kangal Dog has the strength, the speed and the courage to intercept and confront threats to the flocks of sheep and goats that it guards in both Turkey and the New World.
They are somewhat reserved with strangers, but loyal and affectionate with family.
A working Kangal on duty will station itself on a high vantage point overlooking its flock.
On hot days, the dog will dig itself a hollow in the ground to keep cool. Novices learn by staying close to older dogs.
The dogs normally work in pairs or teams depending on the size of the flock, taking up positions around the sheep and changing their positions as needed. The intensity of their patrols around the sheep increases at nightfall
Kangal was registered by kennel club of Britain as a herding dog in 2013.
The Kangal Dog is recognized by the United Kennel Club in the US, and by the national kennel clubs of South Africa and New Zealand.
Kangal is also recognized by
ACA = American Canine Association
ACR = American Canine Registry
APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
CKC = Continental Kennel Club
DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
KDCA = Kangal Dog Club of America
NKC = National Kennel Club
UKC = United Kennel Club