The Boerboel, a native of South Africa is one of the most popular dog breeds in Nigeria and is being used for guarding purposes.
There have been a lot of questions on how to know a thorough-bred boerboel.
This post will help you distinquish a pure-bred boerboel from a mixed breed whether you are trying to buy a puppy or adult . You have to know the approved breed standard of Boerboel before you can get a pure-bred one.
According to South African Boerboel Breeders’ Society Europe:
The Breed Standard is a guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of the breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function.
The aim of this Breed Standard is to provide guidelines to breeders, appraisers and judges, who should at all times be vigilant to avoid obvious conditions or excessiveness, that would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or absolute soundness of the Boerboel.
We will be talking on different features of pure bred boeboel and what you will look out for for when buying a pure or thorough bred boerboel.
- The Boerboel is a large dog with a strong-boned structure;
- The body is 10 – 15% longer than the height (at the withers) and is measured horizontally, from the prosternum (breastbone) to a vertical line at the rear of the rump;
- A dog with prominent and well-developed musculature;
- Impressive and imposing in appearance, created by a combination of conformation, carriage, confidence and powerful, buoyant and unencumbered movement – notwithstanding its size
- Males are distinctly masculine, larger, while females are distinctly feminine, but without weakness of substance or structure.
- The ideal height of a male is 66 cm but not lower than 60 cm,while the ideal height of a female is 61 cm but not lower than 55 cm.
- Height must always be in relation to mass (minimum of 1:1 and a maximum of about 1:1.25), overall balance and conformation of major body components.
When you want to want to buy a dog, the first feature of the dog you will notice is the colour of the dog.
Some dogs come in a one particular colour distribution, while others can come in more than one colour. Others can come in any colour.
Boerboel can come in various colours
The recognized and approved colours in boerboel are: –
- all shades of brown (tan, red) or fawn; –
- Brindle: a color pattern with irregular, apparent vertical lines of only black hair on a brown (tan, red) or fawn base color; –
- Piebald: white spots on a brown (tan, red), fawn or brindle dog; –
- Irish: a brown (tan, red), fawn or brindle dog with a white blaze, a white chest that can extend to a white collar, and white feet and legs.
- A black mask is optional.
- All the colors and associated patterns should be accompanied by good pigmentation. The dog should have adequate overall dark skin pigmentation, and the nose leather, eye lids, lips, sexual organs, anus, ears and paw pads should show adequate melanin pigmentation.
For a detailed list of colours found in dogs check our post http://petsarena.com.ng/2017/04/checkout-beautiful-coat-colours-seen-in-dogs/
Disqualifications: Any color or combination of colors other than the ones described above such as
- Liver color on any basic breed standard color.
- Ticking on any basic breed standard color. Split face on any basic breed standard color.
- Dilute/powder and solid blue colored dogs.
- Black and tan dogs.
- More than one-third white of the total body surface.
- Solid black.
Serious Fault: Excessive/large white areas in all colors.
Courtesy of molosserdogs.com
The Head is a very important and distinguishing feature of the Boerboel, as it represents it’s total character.
The head is short, broad, deep, square and muscular with well filled cheeks. The top of the skull (occiput) is broad and flat, and from the side the muzzle and head are square. The skull must gradually decrease in width to the eyes and the stop should be visible but not prominent. Moderate wrinkling is observed over the forehead when the dog shows interest.
Eyes – Eye color comes in all shades of yellow and brown, but 90% of dogs’ eye color is lighter than the pelt. The eyes should be horizontally and wide set and looking straight forward, with firm well-pigmented eyelids. Eyes should not be protruding or set too deep, and haws should not show.
Disqualification – Blue eyes must be seen as a serious fault
Ears – The ears should be of medium size, V-shaped and of moderate thickness. The ears are set high and wide against the skull. Ears should drop side ways close to the cheek. When the dog is interested, the ears should form a straight line with the top of the skull (occiput). The ideal length is when the lower tip of the ear is in line with the eye.
Disqualification – Rose, tulip, pricked or full drop is a serious fault.
The nasal bone is straight and as near to parallel as possible to the top line of the head, and should taper slightly from eye to muzzle, with or without a black mask. The nasal bone should be in proportion to the skull (approximately 8-10 cm long). The ratio between skull and nasal bone being 1/1.5:1
The muzzle – is black with large nostrils which are largely spaced.
Disqualification – Liver colored, white or spotted nose.
Lips – the upper lip is loose and fleshy, and should not hang lower than the lower jaw. The upper lip (beneath the muzzle) should cover the lower lip
Jaws – upper and lower should be strong , broad and muscular. The jaws should not be flat or snipey.
Teeth – The teeth should be white, well developed, correctly spaced, a complete set of 42 teeth and should have a scissors bite- a bite in which the outer side of the lower incisors touches the inner side of the upper incisors. Disqualification – badly overshot and badly undershot – i.e. more than 1 cm.
The neck gradually increases in width from the head to the shoulder, is of medium length, powerful and with an arched crest. The head and neck does not show excessive skin. The scruff may be loose, the dewlap may be noticeable, but not excessive, and the skin is tight across the sternum.
Courtesy of elite-pets.narod.ru
The forequarter is well muscled and correctly angulated from the well-sloped shoulder blade down to the elbow at an angle of 90°.
The forequarter characteristics are quantifiable in terms of:
Boerboel’s chest is:
a) strong, muscular and broad;
b) well pronounced and placed deep between the front legs with good volume;
c) the point of the prosternum is level with the point of the shoulder.
The shoulder blades are well attached with an approximate 70 mm space in between.
- a) The elbows are stable, parallel to and carried close to the body when in a stationary position and during movement, not limiting the optimal volume of the centre piece/torso.
- b) The height of the elbows is equal to ½ of the height at the withers.
The front legs:
a) have a substantive bone structure;
b) are thick, strong and sturdy;
c) have a well-defined musculature on the in- and outside of the upper parts and
d) are vertical, as seen from the front and the side.
The front pasterns are:
a) short, strong and of adequate girth as seen from the front and the side and
b) are a vertical extension of the front legs as seen from both the front and the side, but slanting forward at a slight angle.
The front paws are defined by:
The front paws are large in circumference.
i. Well padded, ball shaped and tight;
ii. Strong, curved, with dark pigmented toenails.
The front paws point and tread straight forward.
The centre piece (torso) must be of adequate width and depth with a level, straight top line and a slight abdominal tuck-up. The length of the chest, loin and croup (rump) is approximately proportioned (2:1:1).
The centre piece characteristics are quantifiable in terms of:
The ribcage (the area from the first chest vertebrae to the last rib bone)
a) is well-sprung with a deep, rounded brisket;
b) must ideally have a length proportion of 2:1 to the loin;
c) the depth is equal to ½ the total height of the dog at the withers, descending slightly below the elbow;
d) is filled behind the shoulder blades.
The back (from a point behind the top of the scapula to the last rib bone) should be
c) straight and
d) well muscled.
The loin (from the last rib bone to the front of the primary thigh) is:
a) of adequate depth (slightly less than the length of the loin);
b) short (ideally ⅓ of total torso length);
c) wide and flat when seen from the top;
d) strong and muscular and
e) moderately tucked up.
- a) The top line (from a point behind the top of the scapula to the beginning of the croup) is straight without any deviations.
- b) A very slight, non-flexible dip just behind the shoulders is normal.
The hindquarter should be broad, of substantive depth, well muscled, in proportion to the rest of the dog and correctly angulated.
The hindquarter characteristics are quantifiable in terms of:
The croup is:
- a) broad, strong/muscular;
- b) correctly angulated at 23° – from the ilium to the ischium and
- c) the height should not exceed the height at the withers.
- a) The tail is a natural extension of the spinal cord; therefore it is set fairly high, of adequate girth and straight.
b) Docked tails should ideally be docked at the third caudal vertebrae, leading to an ideal adult tail length of about 8 cm.
c) Long tails are permissible and are sabre shaped and should reach approximately to the hocks when the dog is standing.
The upper thighs are broad, deep and with well-developed muscular definition when viewed from the side and the rear.
The lower thighs are well developed and display adequate, visible musculature down to the hock.
- a) The stifles are strong and firm.
- b) The angulation between the femur, tibia and fibula must be approximately 110° as seen from the side.
- a) The hock joints are strong and stable;
b) correctly angulated (45°) as seen from the side and
c) parallel with each other when viewed from the rear.
- a) The hind pasterns are relatively short, strong and of adequate girth.
b) When viewed from behind, they are parallel with one another.
c) When viewed from the side, they are vertical.
d) The front of the hind pastern is in line with the back of the haunch.
e) Dewclaws may be removed.
- a) The hind paws are as the front paws but should be slightly smaller than the front paws.
b) The hind paws point and tread straight to the front.
Characteristics that disqualifies a boerboel
– General Appearance
- Clumsy, unbalanced appearance and/or movement
· Too large and/or too heavy
· Too small and/or too light
· Any sign of any other breed of dog
· Males over 68cm to shoulder
· Males under 64cm to shoulder
· Females over 66cm to shoulder
· Females under 60cm to shoulder
– Aggressive Nature
- Aggressive and uncontrollable when the owner handles the dog
- Too small, characterless head
· Short upper jaw/long lower jaw
· Liver coloured or pigmentless nose
· Sharp mouth
· Blue eyes
- Chest too small
· Cow hocks
· Bandy legs
· Front legs fold in or stand out
· Curly hair/long hair
· Whiskers on mouth
· Straight legs
· With one eye or both eyes white
– Deviations from the Breed Standard should be recognised and faults and the degree thereof will determine the penalisation.
Terminologies used in describing breed standard
Body length measured from A (prosternum) – B (rear of the rump/croup)
Body height measured from C (withers) to the ground (D)
Forequarter: A – C
Centre piece: C – F
Loin: E – F
Back: C – E
Croup/Rump: F – G (tail setting)
1. Nose leather
2. Nasal bone (muzzle)
4. Cranial roof
7. Muscular arch on neck
8. Withers (top of scapula)
10. Shoulder blade (scapula)
11. Shoulder joint (point of shoulder)
12. Upper front leg (humerus)
14. Lower front leg (radius and ulna)
15. Front paws
16. Pastern joint
17. Front pastern
19. Ilium (point of hip)
20. Ischium (point of buttock)
21. Primary thigh
23. Knee (stifle)
24. Secondary thigh
25. Tibula and fibula
27. Hind pastern
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